Breed Standards
For The American
Leopard Cur
We believe in standards and not just for
determining the winners in a bench show.
Enforcing standards are to help refine and
improve a breed. Leopards that do not meet
standards are not registered and it makes no
difference who owns them.

Ears

The ears must be attached high on the head
and be of medium length. Ears should hang
straight and flat without the folding or
rolling, as seen in some hound breeds.
Cock-ears are a disqualification. The ears of
a true Leopard were described by the
founders as "saddle-skirt" ears. When lifted
toward the nose, or when the dog has
his/her nose pointed down, the ends of the
ears should reach to a point somewhere
between the eye and nose. Having ears that
reach past one inch short of the nose is a
disqualification from ALCBA registration.

Color and patterns of color

The colors are black, yellow, tan and mouse.
The patterns of color are solid, tiger-striped
(brindle), and merle. All solid-colored
leopards should have tan or brindle trim,
except the yellow color phase.

Amount of white and location

More than 15% white on any dog will be a
disqualification from registration. White can
only appear on the chest, underneath
stomach area and feet. No white can appear
anywhere on the back, head, shoulders or
hips. Double merles are disqualified from
registration.

Size and weight

The weight range for males is 40-75 and for
females is 30-65 pounds. Weight is defined
as "in-hunting-shape" weight. (i.e. A
50-pound male, if obese, may weigh as much
as 75.)

Coat

True Leopard Curs have two coats, a dense
undercoat that is soft and "wooly-like", while
the outer is longer and coarser. The
appearance of the coat may be shorter or
longer-haired and there is little significance
in the variations. Occasionally a long-haired
Leopard will be whelped from shorter-haired
Leopard parents. Long-haired Leopards show
up sometimes, but they rarely reproduce
long-haired  pups.

Eyes

The eyes should be set fairly wide apart and
almost perfectly round. They are usually nut
brown, but are sometimes lighter, especially
with the merles. Glass eyes (often called
white eyes, pearl eyes, or blue eyes, etc.)
are a disqualification from registration,
except on merle pattern dogs. Glass eyes are
considered a fault on merles.

Head, skull and muzzle

The head should be fairly wide and in
proportion to the body. The muzzle should be
of medium length and taper some toward the
nose. The nose should not ever appear
pointed. The head and muzzle should never
resemble a bulldog, terrier or Collie. The
skull should be fairly flat rather than round.
The lips should be fairly tight and not be
droopy, as with some hounds.

Stamina

The American Leopard Cur is a very tough
dog and is able to hunt and run hard day
after day under extreme conditions. They
have tougher feet than any other breed of
hound or cur. When hunting i.e. in lava flows
or pumice areas, most of all hounds and curs
are so sore-footed after one race that they
cannot continue hunting, but the Leopards
will run hard day after day. When on the rig
in cold weather, a Leopard will not even
realize that it is cold when hounds are
shivering and wanting back inside the box.

Intelligence/Obedience

The  American Leopard Cur is very obedient
and trainable. A Leopard Cur is much more
willing to please it's master than most other
breeds. It is not necessary to manhandle a
true Leopard Cur. Voice control is all that is
needed. Breaking a Leopard off certain
species of game is many times over easier
than with hounds. Expose a Leopard to the
desired game and most of the "training" will
take care of itself.

Voice

A majority of Leopards have a clear chop
mouth, but turkey, yodel and even horn
bawls mouths are not unusual. The deep
"foghorn" type bawl is NOT a Leopard Cur
trait. A tenor bawl is okay, but a bass bawl
is not.

Growth

The American Leopard Cur does not go
through a clumsy or awkward stage when
growing. Their growth is slow and steady
until almost two years of age. They seem to
grow to their ears and not to their feet as
most hounds do. A true American Leopard
Cur will appear to be longer-eared as a pup
than he/she will when fully grown.

Tail
American Leopard Curs can have any length
of tail. Whether a dog is bob-tailed or  
long-tailed is of no significance for
registration. True Leopard Curs have tails
that appear "heavy" or even flag-tailed. Rat
tails are considered a fault.

Our Standards cannot be completely
discussed without explaining our
"Permanent Registration" guidelines and
requirements.

We are the only registry that has any actual
hunting requirements for permanent
registration. For pups to be registered with
the ALCBA both parents must be
"permanently registered" with the ALCBA.

The process for permanent registration
requires that three impartial judges have
witnessed the dog "strike, trail and tree" its
own game with no other dogs present. Each
judge plus the owner of the dog must sign an
affidavit to verify that, as well as that the
dog meets all other standards and that no
rules have been broken. Each judge is called
to clarify and confirm everything, before the
dog is permanently registered. Pictures of
each dog are required. Pictures of each
litter with its dam are required for
"appendix" (litter) registration along with a
completed application for appendix
registration. Contact the registration office
if you have questions.


Disqualifications for ALCBA Registration

1. Cock ears...
2. Ears reaching closer than one inch short
of the nose...
3. More that 15% white...
4. White anywhere except on the feet,
chest and underneath the body...
5. Weight under 30 or over 65 pounds for
females and under 40 or over 75 for males...
6. "Glass eyes", except on the merle pattern
phase...
7. "Foghorn" bawl mouth...
8. Double-merle (albinism)...
9. Silent trailing...